The Temple of Aphaia on the island of Aegina
Your first view of the Temple of Aphaia
The Temple of Aphaia is one of the reasons why tourists travel to the island. On the north eastern side of the island is a wooded hill. It overlooks the bay of Agia Marina with the town of the same name. Although the hill is only about 200m high, it commands wonderful views to the east over the bay and the coastline. To the north and east lie Athens, the island of Salamis and the Peloponnese.
When you reach the summit you'll see why the ancient Greeks built their temple here. It is a truely magnificent setting. Not only that, but the Temple of Aphaia is one of the better preserved buildings from the ancient world.
The museum is worth seeing, but is only open at certain times in the morning. So check before you go to make sure you can get in.
Who was Aphaia?
Aphaia was not a well known goddess. Roman writers suggest she was the Cretan goddess Britomartis, who was a virgin huntress. King Minos of Crete had designs on her, and she fled and took refuge on Aegina.
Minoan artifacts have been found on the island at Colonna. Aphaia is thought to have been important for women as a deity associated with child care.
History of the temple
Much of the internal structure is intact
The first real Temple of Aphaia was constructed in the 6C BC which replaced an earlier building. As was the fashion of the day it was brightly coloured, and used the Doric style, but without a collonade. Unfortunately the temple burnt down shortly afterwards, while the paintwork was still relatively fresh. But they put the rubble to good use and now it is part of the supporting platform for the present temple.
The new temple was probably built between 510 BC and 480 BC. Some of the 22 limestone Doric columns are monolithicMade of a single piece of stone.. If you've visited the temples in Delphi or Olympia you'll be pleasantly surprised at the relatively good preservation of the Temple of Aphaia.
The pedimentsThe triangular section above the columns at the front and rear of the temple. are of marble, and the sculptures depict Athena as she presides over a battle between Greeks and Trojans. These marbles are known as the 'Aegina Marbles', and were bought by Prince Ludwig of Bavaria in 1812. They are now on display in Munich.
What you can see
Worshippers would have approached the temple area through the propylaiaFrom the Greek pro (before or in front of) plus pylon or pylaion (gate), which came to mean 'gate building'.. Today the modern path takes you to the left of this. There are bath-buildings and other rooms on the site, some of which are presumed to have been for the priests.
The Temple of Aphaia is not large by the standards of other temples, but it's very well proportioned. A ramp leads up to the altar, but today the interior is roped off. Fortunately it's possible to see all the main details.
"U" cutout can be seen in the centre
Many of the columns remain standing, and the double collonade of the naos (or cella)A room at the centre of the temple, usually containing a cult image or statue. can be clearly seen. If you look closely at some of the blocks you can still see a "U" shaped cutting in the stone which was used for inserting a rope for lifting.
The museum has a very good display with information in English about the history of the site. You'll see a models of the temple, together with reconstructions of various parts of the building during different eras.