Delphi and the oracle

Today Delphi may be the most impressive of all the ancient sites, but its rise to popularity was due to human nature, and specifically the question "what does the future hold?".

That's why everyone, from ordinary folk to kings and politicians made a point to travel there to try and find out what their chances of success were in various ventures. The 'delphic oracle' was regularly consulted on matters both insignificant and of major political importance.

 

delphi temple apollo
Temple of Apollo in morning light

Primitive beginnings

It was a religious site in the 2nd millennium BC, when the goddess Gaia (Ge) was worshipped there. She hid in one of the faults in the rocks, and was guarded by her son, a snake called Python. Her predictions of the future were interpreted by an oracle.

During the Mycenaean period the belief grew that the Olympian god Apollo overcame the older deities. Apollo was the son of Zeus, born on the island of Delos. He came to Delphi, killed the snake Python with an arrow from his bow, and turned into the god Python. He in turn made predictions which were interpreted by the Pythia, a priestess.

(Yes, Greek mythology can be rather convoluted, and there are usually different versions of the same story!)

Later, visitors worshipped Dionysus and Athena as well as Apollo. In the 6C BC Athens was the major power on the mainland, and they started the Pythian games here where sports, poetic and drama contests were held.

 

delphi athena temple
Sanctuary of Athena Pronaia

What you can see today

In the 1890's the French School at Athens began work on demolishing the village which had grown up on top of the site and rebuilt it a safe distance away. They then began excavating, and in some places had to remove up to 20m (66 feet) of earth which had accumulated over the centuries.

The site is composed of a number of separate areas, all to the east of the modern town. The main section is the Sanctuary of Apollo, containing the Temple of Apollo, treasuries, theatre and other remains. Further on up the side of the mountain is the stadium.

Approximately 400m from the Sanctuary and to the east is the well and CastalianWorshippers cleansed themselves here before going on to the temple. Votive offerings were also placed here. spring. Going south from there you'll find the Gymnasium on your right, and further on is the Sanctuary of Athena Pronaia, also known as Marmaria, after the area was used as a quarry for marble.

You should give yourself a whole day to see the site properly. It's a wonderful place, and there's so much to take in. But make sure you visit the museum. It contains an amazing collection of artifacts from all eras. Among its treasures is the famous life-size bronze charioteer.

Check out the map of Delphi page for its location and travel information.

 

Return to Visit Ancient Greece from Delphi

 

 

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